The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of six main organs of the United Nations. It's established by the UN Charter in 1946 and composed of 54 countries. ECOSOC deals with international economic and social issues and serves as the main forum for political advice to member nations of the United Nations. It works on international economic, social, cultural, educational, health and related issues, prepare reports and recommend them. It ensures and respects human rights and fundamental freedoms. The Council coordinates the work of private organizations affiliated to the United Nations by consulting and recommending them to the General Assembly.
ECOSOC organizes short meetings, preparatory meetings, and panels with non-governmental organizations throughout the year. The council holds sessions in New York and Geneva, which last four weeks in July. Meetings, where economic, social and humanitarian issues are discussed, are attended by ministers and senior officials. Up to now, about 70 % of the UN's human and financial resources are managed by ECOSOC.
With the emergence of the economic crisis and social problems around the world, ECOSOC has become a valuable agency. If you want to come up with solutions for these vital and global problems, ECOSOC is waiting for you!
The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations body whose mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world. The 38th session of the UNHRC began June 18, 2018. It ended on July 7, 2018. The headquarters of UNHRC is in Geneva, Switzerland.
The UNHRC investigates allegations of breaches of human rights in UN member states, and addresses important thematic human rights issues such as freedom of association and assembly, freedom of expression, freedom of belief and religion, women's rights, LGBT rights, Criminals, drug lords in Philippines and the rights of racial and ethnic minorities.
The UNHRC has 47 members elected for staggered three-year terms on a regional group basis. No member may occupy a seat for more than two consecutive three-year terms. The seats are distributed among the UN's regional groups as follows: 13 for Africa, 13 for Asia, six for Eastern Europe, eight for Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC), and seven for the Western European and Others Group (WEOG).
The UNHRC holds regular sessions three times a year, in March, June, and September.
The UNHRC can decide at any time to hold a special session to address human rights violations and emergencies, at the request of one-third of the member states. To date there have been 28 special sessions.
One of the biggest threats on the safety of the globe right now is atomic energy if used in the wrong purposes or ways. The highly destructive nuclear weapons are posessed by major countries. The usage of nuclear weapons are seen as the way the humankind might bring the end of their world by their own hands. Countries started leaning towards using atomic energy for electricity production and the rapidly increasing usage of atomic energy plants brings severe risks with them. The UN wanted to eliminate the risks born by the atomic energy usage and decided to take a further step on the issue so the IAEA was born. The International Atomic Energy Agency, the IAEA for short, is an international organisation that aims to promote the peaceful use of atomic energy and prevent its destructive and military purposed usage. The IAEA works with its 170 member states and worldwide partners to achieve its goal. It was established in 1957 as an autonomous organisation affiliated to the UN and the Security Council. The IAEA's relationship to the UN is guided by an agreement signed by the both parties. Considering the catastrophic accidents which occured within the neglected use of atomic enegry plants such as Chernobyl and the posession of nuclear weapons by some states, the IAEA plays a big role on protecting the global peace. Through the Department of Nuclear Safety and Security, the IAEA works to provide a global nuclear safety and security framework in order to prevent the humanity's not-so-proud history with atomic energy from repeating itself. Although the IAEA doesn't have the mandate to enforce the applications of these safety standarts and frameworks, they still have important contributions on the protection of the people and the economy. If you want to work on a really important issue our world is facing right now, we would love to see you between us in this committee!
The International Maritime Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations which is responsible for measures to improve the safety and security of international shipping and to prevent pollution from ships. It is also involved in legal matters, including liability and compensation issues and the facilitation of international maritime traffic. It was established by means of a Convention adopted under the auspices of the United Nations in Geneva on 17 March 1948 and met for the first time in January 1959.
It currently has 174 Member States. IMO's governing body is the Assembly which is made up of all the Member States and meets normally once every two years. It adopts the budget for the next biennium together with technical resolutions and recommendations prepared by subsidiary bodies during the previous two years. The Council, of 40 Member States elected by the Assembly, acts as governing body in between Assembly sessions. It prepares the budget and work programme for the Assembly. The main technical work is carried out by the Maritime Safety, Marine Environment Protection, Legal, Technical Co-operation and Facilitation Committees and a number of sub-committees.
The IMO slogan sums up its objectives: Safe, secure and efficient shipping on clean oceans.
The United Nations Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee was established by Security Council in the wake of the 11 September terrorist attacks in the United States. The Committee prevents giving financial support to terrorist groups and providing safe places for terrorist groups to gather, shares information about terrorist groups with other governments, cooperates with other governments to investigate and arrest people involved in terrorism and put them on trial, makes laws against assisting terrorists in any way and put people who violate these laws on trial. The Committee is composed of 15 Member States: Bolivia, China, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, France, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Russian Federation, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States. The committee must work with countries, organizations and counter-terrorism experts in order to effectively fight terrorism. It must also focus on a wide range of issues, from keeping money and weapons out of the hands of terrorists to being sure that the fight against terrorism does not violate human rights. The CTC must address all of these diverse issues if it wants to effectively combat terrorism. The problems need to be resolved now! Come and join us!
The International Criminal Police Organization, more commonly known as Interpol, is the international organization that facilitates international police cooperation which was established before the United Nations. INTERPOL was established in Vienna, Austria on the initiative of Dr. Johannes Schober, president of the Vienna police. The idea behind INTERPOL was first discussed during an international police conference in Monaco. There were 24 countries present. Since the day it was established, it kept growing and today, there are 190 different countries linked together through INTERPOL and it is the only police organization that spans the entire globe. INTERPOL's main purpose is to enable the world police to ensure the safety of the human beings all over the world and its primary role is to assist law enforcement agencies around the world in combating all forms of transnational crime and terrorism. INTERPOL is not commonly used in MUN conferences, even though it is a committee with great potential. Delegates of this committee are going to run an operation against the world's most dangerous drug cartel, the Cali Cartel, and try to take them down. Also, they are going to struggle with unexpected crises and try to solve them. Are you brave enough to catch the Cali Cartel? Are you clever enough to make strategic moves against them? Come and prove that, we are waiting for you!
Joint Crisis Committee is probably the most entertaining but also one of the most difficult committees to participate in MUN conferences. Delegates simulate the important events in past in Joint Crisis Committees, such as World Wars, or bloody conflicts between countries, and they become leading figures of history, they replace the diplomatic face of the MUN with fast-paced decisions and quick-witted actions. In HaydarpaşaMUN, JCC will take place in the 20th century. Delegates are going to simulate the Suez Crisis between Egypt and Israel (which is supported by the United Kingdom and France) As the academic team, we recommend this committee to highly experienced delegates. So, would you like to be the one who changed the world? Would you like to decide the destiny of the future? Come and join us, we are waiting for you!
The Security Council held its first session on 17 January 1946. It has 15 Members which all has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member Star are obligated to comply with Council decisions. Under the Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance f international peace and security.
The Security Council takes the led in determining the existence of threat to the peace or act of aggression.
It calls upon the parties to dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.
The Security Council also recommends to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and the admission of new Members to the United Nations. The Security Council decides with the General Assembly to the judges of the International Court of Justice. one of the six principal organs of theUnited Nations like the UN is a whole, the Security Council was created following World War II to address the filings of previous international organization, the League of Nations, in maintaining world peace. In its early decides, the Security Council was largely paralyzed by the Cold War division between the US and USSR and their respective allies. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, UN peacekeeping efforts increased dramatically in number, and the Security Council authorized major military and peacekeeping missions in various countries.The committee will be historical so the topic of the committee this year is the Korean War. Delegates will find solutions to this massive war which big countries like Russia and USA took big part in it.
ICJ is the abbreviation of International Court of Justice and it is commonly reffered as the World Court. ICJ is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and started to work in April 1946.
The Court may entertain two types of cases: legal disputes between States submitted to it by them (contentious cases) and requests for advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by United Nations organs and specialized agencies (advisory proceedings). The legal disputes between member states and gives advisory opinions to authorized UN organs and specialized agencies. The Court comprises a panel of 15 judges elected by the General Assembly and Security Council for nine- year terms. It is stated that, all 193 of the UN members are automatically parties to the court's statute. Non-UN members can also become parties to the court's statute as it is also stated. Disputes between countries are getting decided based on the voluntary participation of the States concerned. If State agrees to participate in a proceeding, it is obligated to comply with the Court's decision.
ICJ committee is a perfect choice for the delegates who wish to have a different experience than the usual committees of the United Nations.